Alli (orlistat) is an over-the-counter drug meant for overweight adults who are struggling to shed excess pounds. Orlistat blocks some of the fat that you eat, keeping it from being absorbed by your body. Orlistat is used to aid in weight loss, or to help reduce the risk of regaining weight already lost. This medicine must be used together with a reduced-calorie diet. Orlistat is for use only in adults.
Rybelsus® tablets (semaglutide) is a prescription medicine used in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus to decrease blood sugar levels. Rybelsus® can be prescribed when other diabetes medicines have been tried without success and should be used together with diet and exercise. Rybelsus® tablets work to lower blood sugar (glucose) levels by increasing how much insulin is released and decreasing glucagon secretion. This medicine also may slow gastric emptying after eating.
Acetyl-L-carnitine is also known as ALC. Some people with high blood sugar use it to help with cholesterol as well as nerve pain, such as tingling in their hands and feet. Others have used it to help stop cell damage. It may also help improve appetite and help the body turn fat into energy. Some people use it to improve their mood. People with blood vessel problems in their legs have used it to help them walk better and to walk with less pain. ALC may also help people with low carnitine levels to have a more normal level in their blood.
People use melatonin to adjust the body's internal clock. It is used for jet lag, for adjusting sleep-wake cycles in people whose daily work schedule changes (shift-work disorder), and for helping blind people establish a day and night cycle. Melatonin is also used for the inability to fall asleep (insomnia); delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS); rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD); insomnia associated with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); insomnia due to certain high blood pressure medications called beta-blockers; and sleep problems in children with developmental disorders including autism, cerebral palsy, and intellectual disabilities. It is also used as a sleep aid after discontinuing the use of benzodiazepine drugs and to reduce the side effects of stopping smoking. Some people use melatonin for Alzheimer's disease or memory loss (dementia), bipolar disorder, a lung disease called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), insomnia caused by beta-blocker drugs, endometriosis, ringing in the ears, depression or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), mild mental impairment, nonalcoholic liver disease, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), fibromyalgia, restless leg syndrome, an inflammatory disease called sarcoidosis, schizophrenia, migraine and other headaches, age-related vision loss, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bone loss (osteoporosis), a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia (TD), acid reflux disease, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), exercise performance, infertility, epilepsy, aging, for menopause, metabolic syndrome, for recovery after surgery, agitation caused by anesthesia, stress, involuntary movement disorder (tardive dyskinesia), changes in heart rate when you move from laying down to sitting up (postural tachycardia syndrome), delirium, inability to control urination, jaw pain, inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis), and for birth control. Daily nighttime melatonin reduces blood pressure in male patients with essential hypertension. Taking melatonin leads to an average reduction in total cholesterol.